The main culprit of the record heat and associated drought is El Niño, a weather phenomenon that occurs every two to seven years and appears when large parts of the eastern and central Pacific Ocean are experiencing above normal sea-surface temperatures. One of the strongest El Niño events ever observed has settled over the Pacific. In South Africa, El Niño is usually associated with below normal rainfall and above normal temperatures during the mid-summer period of December to February. The presence of the strong El Niño event in combination with global warming means that it is no coincidence that 2015/16 is on track to be the warmest year ever recorded by humans in the 150-year record of reliable observations. With this in mind please help us by conserving water every chance you get, whether by not wasting drinking water (especially bottled water) or excessive bathing/cleaning.